Diseases and toxemia ketosis, which occur during gestation in sheep and goats and cows, they can cause various problems. Although the disease is clinically different and take place at different stages of gestation and lactation, the basis of the disorder are essentially the same: reducing blood sugar levels and the increase of ketones.

In ruminants, glucose is synthesized mainly by propionic acid (a volatile fatty acid produced in prostomachoys) and from amino acids. The amount of glucose absorbed directly depends on the rate of uptake of glucose from the different feed and from editing them.

Ruminants, may use the rumen fermentation products, such as ptitika fatty acids, to meet most needs in energy. However, the nervous system, the kidneys, the mammary gland and the fetus, have immediate need of glucose.

During the period of maximum demand for glucose (last stage of gestation, beginning of milk production, decreased appetite caused by prolonged high temperature) problems may arise due to deficiency of glucose.

The most important symptom of toxemia during pregnancy, is a drop in the level of nutrition during the last six to eight weeks of gestation. This brings the pregnant female in a difficult situation, because the developing fetus draws continuously available nutrients the mother. The toxemia during pregnancy can be caused by starvation mode and obesity.

Obesity: obese pregnant females are usually found in small Chamber and practice a bit. Their appetite may decrease, become lazily and begins an exaggerated fat distribution in the body's attempt to maintain glucose levels constant. This can lead to abnormally high levels of ketones. Another problem is the fatty degeneration of the liver. Addressing these situations necessitates, in sick animals, a nutrient mixture filled with direct energy use such as propylene glycol, propionic acid or salt and Glycerin. This is why the production and use of G. P. N PLUS.

Ingredients: Glycerin, Calcium propionate, propylene glycol, vitamin premix

Resolution: 24% Moisture, ash 7%, Calcium 2%

Additives per kg feed: vitamin e (E307) 5,000 mg, Vitamin B12 Cyanocobalamin 50 mg,

  PP3 10,000 mg Nicotinic Acid

Dosage and use:

Cow GAL/land: 3 to 4 weeks after parturition or 200 ml per animal per day embedded in the total ration or 3 + 3 wettings than 0.7 litres each before and after childbirth. (one immediately after childbirth, diluted to 15-20 litres of hot water, and the rest, one every week).

Sheep and goats: 3 to 4 weeks after parturition or 40 ml per animal per day embedded in the total ration or 3 + 3 wettings of 100 ml each before and after childbirth (one per week)

Fattening calves and lambs: 0.03% of body weight